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16-Oct-2015 19:03

By 1910, both Moore and Russell had abandoned their propositional realism—Moore in favor of a realistic philosophy of , developed in various ways by the Cambridge philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein and John Wisdom, and the Oxford philosophers Gilbert Ryle, John Austin, Peter Strawson, and Paul Grice.

Additionally, Russell believed that the grammar of natural language often is philosophically misleading, and that the way to dispel the illusion is to re-express propositions in the ideal formal language of symbolic logic, thereby revealing their true logical form.

Because of this emphasis on language, analytic philosophy was widely, though perhaps mistakenly, taken to involve a turn toward language as the subject matter of philosophy, and it was taken to involve an accompanying methodological turn toward linguistic analysis.

For this reason analytic philosophy is reputed to have originated in a philosophical revolution on the grand scale—not merely in a revolt against British Idealism, but against traditional philosophy on the whole.

Analytic philosophy underwent several internal micro-revolutions that divide its history into five phases.

Their realism was expressed and defended in the idiom of “propositions” and “meanings,” so it was taken to involve a turn toward language.

But its other significant feature is its turn away from the method of doing philosophy by proposing grand systems or broad syntheses and its turn toward the method of offering narrowly focused discussions that probe a specific, isolated issue with precision and attention to detail.

has dominated academic philosophy in various regions, most notably Great Britain and the United States, since the early twentieth century.

The first phase runs approximately from 1900 to 1910.

It is characterized by the quasi-Platonic form of realism initially endorsed by Moore and Russell as an alternative to Idealism.