27-Jan-2015 17:39


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Considering the specific case of encrypting messages in English (i.e.

It then uses modular arithmetic to transform the integer that each plaintext letter corresponds to into another integer that correspond to a ciphertext letter.Plaintext: The decryption function is where a - 1 is the modular multiplicative inverse of a modulo m.Caesar cipher, is one of the simplest and most widely known encryption techniques.The transformation can be represented by aligning two alphabets, the cipher alphabet is the plain alphabet rotated left or right by some number of positions.

Atbash is an ancient encryption system created in the Middle East. The Atbash cipher is a simple substitution cipher that relies on transposing all the letters in the alphabet such that the resulting alphabet is backwards.The first letter is replaced with the last letter, the second with the second-last, and so on.

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