Christianity dating back to luther and calvin
Gnosticism is often defined as a "cult" of "secret knowledge" or to quote, "These gospels emphasize knowledge that initiates have and others do not." This is a Christian definition and an attempt to separate itself from its origins.Many Gnostic groups shared with Christians a rejection of Laws of Moses and salvation by works; a belief that other beings created the material world; the shared belief of a divine mediator between God and man; and finally the belief that nothing "worldly" is of any importance.The lowest emanation was an evil god (the Demiurge) who created the material world as a prison for the divine sparks that dwell in human bodies.The Gnostics identified this evil creator with the God of the Old Testament, and saw the Adam/Eve and the ministry of Jesus as attempts to liberate humanity from his dominion, by imparting divine secret wisdom.Only faith in or knowledge of this divine mediator (1 Tim 2:5), would lead one to salvation and eternal life.
Tweet In AD 1209, the entire population of the Albigens was slaughtered at the order of Pope Innocent III.The Albigens, in the south of France, was then the most populous, the most technically, socially, and economically advanced part of Europe.Innocent III was seeking to put a stop to the latest "Gnostic heresy", but found it to be entrenched throughout Europe, so he followed the "Cathar Crusade" with the creation of the Inquisition, resulting in countless people being slowly and brutally tortured to death over the next 500 years for even the mere suspicion of heresy.Innocent also reinstated a prohibition against the owning or reading of Bibles by anyone other than clergy, under penalty of death.
Its population was largely Gnostics and Arian Christians, and were a sanctuary for Jews who were persecuted almost everywhere else in Europe.All of these groups had a high percentage of literacy and read the Bible, which was prohibited by the Vatican.