Dating a scythian tomb
Etymologically, "Old Iranian Saka, Greek Scythai and Sogdian Sughde (also the very name for the Sogdians), as well as the biblical Hebrew Ashkenaz (via Syrian Askuzai) appear all to derive from skuza, an ancient Indo-European word for archer, cf. This ancient Indo-European word for archer in turn derives from the Proto-Indo-European root skeud, "to shoot, throw." Scythian society The Scythians formed a network of nomadic tribes of horse-riding conquerors.
They invaded many areas in the steppes of Eurasia, including areas in present-day Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and southern Russia.
A Pazyryk burial found in the 1990s seems to confirm at least part of the legend.
The most significant Scythian tribes mentioned in mainly Greek sources resided in the steppe between the Dnieper and Don rivers.
The subject peoples in the periphery steppes were also commonly referred as "Scythians", but didn''t speak Iranian languages as did the Scythians proper.
The Saka were Asian Scythians and were known as Sai to the Chinese.
The Scythians first appear in Assyrian annals as Ishkuzai, who are reported as pouring in from the north some time around 700 BC, settling in Ascania and modern Azerbaijan as far as to the southeast of Lake Urmia.It contained the skeletons of a man and a woman, each with weapons, arrowheads, and an axe. This shows that certain women, probably young and unmarried, could be warriors, literally Amazons.