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The scrolls were first found in 1946 or 1947 (accounts of the exact date vary) when a young shepherd by the name of Muhammed Edh-Dhib was looking for a stray goat.
At one point “he was amusing himself by throwing stones.
Altogether seven scrolls were subsequently removed from the cave.” Over the next decade, local Bedouin and scientific researchers would discover the remains of more than 900 manuscripts in 11 caves (12 if you consider that cave four had two separate sections in antiquity).
Each cave is located near Qumran, the furthest one being just over one mile (1.6 km) to the north of the site.
One of these fell into a small hole in the rock and was followed by the sound of the breaking of pottery,” writes researcher Geza Vermes in his book "The Story of the Scrolls" (Penguin Books, 2010).
“Muhammed climbed in and found several ancient manuscripts in a jar.
One scroll is made of copper and describes the location of buried treasure. 70, the copper scroll being written perhaps a few decades later.
Discovery of the scrolls Explorers first came across Qumran in the 19th century, and the site took on new importance with the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls.The site of Khirbet Qumran (a modern Arabic name) is located in the West Bank, near the northern edge of the Dead Sea, and is the place where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in nearby caves. 68, when it was captured by the Roman army and destroyed in a fire.The first settlement was created during the Iron Age, but was abandoned about 2,600 years ago, long before the scrolls were made. The heat was so intense that modern-day archaeologists have found glass vessels “melted down” by it.The scrolls found include copies of Genesis, Exodus, Isaiah, Kings and Deuteronomy, among other canonical works from the Hebrew Bible.
They also include calendars, hymns, psalms, apocryphal (non-canonical) biblical works and community rules.[Gallery of Dead Sea Scrolls: A Glimpse of the Past] Study of the letter styles of the scrolls, along with carbon-14 dating, indicates that they were penned between roughly 200 B. Most of the scrolls were composed on leather (sheep and goat skin in particular).