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13-May-2016 22:10

The Medes still were vassals of the Assyrian Empire.The Median kingdom and the founding of its capital city at Ecbatana (modern Hamadan) was probably not before 625 BC when Cyaxares (grandson of Deioces) succeeded in uniting the many Median tribes into a single kingdom.In 614 BC, he captured Ashur, and in 612, in an alliance with Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, his forces stormed Nineveh, putting an end to the Assyrian Empire.The Medes and other Indo-European tribes were only part of the Kurdish nation formation, the Hurrian tribes another part, but Medes entry in history, in 612 BC, must be considered as the initial stage of the Kurdish history, hence the year 612 BC is the initial year of the Kurdish calendar.Kurdistan (Western Iran) has yielded much evidence on the history of these important developments.

Also in the national anthem, Ey Reqib it is stated "Ême roley Mîdya û Keyxusrewîn" (We are the children of the Medes and Cyaxares), hence the empire of Cyaxares and not of Deioces.

Evidence of the area's prior history indicates that the Middle East in general had been one of the earliest areas to experience what the Australian archaeologist V. That revolution witnessed the development of settled, village-based agricultural life.

Some claim that the Kurdish calendar starts at 700 BC; this was the year Deioces united the Medes according to Herodotus.

However, the claim of unification by Herodotus is proven wrong.

Similar developments in the Zagros are also traceable at sites such as Karim Shahir and Zawi Chemi-Shanidar.This early experimentation with sedentary life and domestication was soon followed by a period of fully developed village farming, as is evident at important Zagros sites such as Jarmo, Sarab, upper Ali Kosh, and upper Guran.