Sodom and gemorah archaeological dating
"Theorizing, on the basis of the Sodom texts, that Sodom was the largest of the Kikkar (the Jordan 'Disk', or 'well-watered plain' in the biblical text) cities east of the Jordan, I concluded that if one wanted to find Sodom, then one should look for the largest city on the eastern Kikkar that existed during the Middle Bronze Age, the time of Abraham and Lot.
"Even most of the archaeological maps of the area were blank, or mostly so.
It was an impressive and formidable defensive system protecting the residences of the wealthier citizens of the city, including the king's palace and related temples and administrative buildings."* Moreover, in the lower city they followed the lines of the earlier, Early Bronze Age city walls and constructed a 4m-thick city wall built on a foundation of large stones and topped, like the upper city wall, by a mudbrick superstructure.
During the Middle Bronze Age (2000 - 1540 BCE), new construction, even more massive than those of the Early Bronze Age, replaced the old.
To fortify the upper city, the Middle Bronze Age inhabitants built a massive mudbrick defensive rampart system.
The outer edge of the rampart has a footprint of approximately 250m x 400m.
The 36-degree outer slope was covered with hard-packed clay, and rose over 30m (100 ft.) above the lower city.