Updating the metagenomics toolbox error updating the administration application pool credentials
To answer the last question Section 3 will consider two different projects, perhaps newly emerging fields, namely the Hap Map project, and metagenomics.In the supplementary document The ENCODE Project and the ENCODE Controversy, we will look at the ENCODE project and the controversy that surrounded it.More than a decade later genomics is still big in business (and big business): the Obama administration announced in January 2015 that they intend to sequence one million human genomes (see Precision Medicine Initiative in the Other Internet Resources section below; see also Reardon 2015).Craig Venter, the commercially minded nemesis of the publicly-funded HGP is also in the mix again, this time involved in a privately-funded collaboration that aims to sequence two million genomes over the course of the next ten years (Ledford 2016).And equally important, we see not only the same players clash again but also the same promises being made, with talk of “groundbreaking health benefits” and “new medical breakthroughs” appearing once again in press releases and other announcements (see for instance Collins & Varmus 2015 or NIH 2015). For instance, China has emerged as a major player in the genomics field, with the BGI (formerly the Beijing Genomics Institute) already announcing in 2011 the aim to sequence one million genomes.
Section 1 will introduce and discuss several key terms, such as ‘genome’ or ‘genomics’.Section 2 will then turn to the question of what it means to read and interpret the genome.Developments such as these have led many to refer to the present as a ‘postgenomic’ age (Richardson & Stevens 2015).The goal of this entry is to look at this constantly developing space of genomic and postgenomic research and outline some of the central philosophical issues it raises.
About 30 years ago researchers and other stakeholders started setting up the first genomics initiative, the Human Genome Project (HGP) (see the link to All About the Human Genome Project (HGP) in the Other Internet Resources section below).
What was conceived as an audacious plan in the 1980s turned into an official multi-centre, international program in 1990 and was brought to a conclusion in 2003.